Morada de San Antonio, CO
The Morada de San Antonio, CO, holds a special place in my heart for me since my grandfather,
Francisco Archuleta, and my great-grandfather, Jose Pablo Archuelta, were associated with it.  The
membership from the
Morada de Los Pinos, NM, just across the Colorado-New Mexico, state line merged
with the San Antonio Morada when their membership declined in the early 1900s.  I have preserved the
journals and numerous artifacts from these moradas so that our descendants might get a glimpse of
the Penitente prayers, music, art and culture, which for so many years were the targets of bias rhetoric.
Hermano Mayor, Charlie Martinez, (L.),
Melaquias Jaramillo and
Ruben with the crucifix he sculpted for
the morada
The Morada de San Antonio as it looked in the early 1950s when
Ruben attended the
Tinieblas shortly after his grandfather
Francisco Archuleta passed away
The Morada de San Antonio as it looks today nestled in the
southern end of the San Luis Valley just south of Antonito, CO
and north of the Colorado-New Mexico state line
A statue of Christ clad in a red robe
is surrounded by other statues of
Christ, Mary and San Antonio
Hermanos from the Morada de San Antonio meet with the
Hermanos from the Morada de Los Lobatos and Father Nadal at
the Los Lobatos morada in this circa 1950 photo
El Calvario, also known as the Arma
is located north of the morada.  
Hermanos and the Veronicas meet
here during the Good Friday
procession called
El Encuentro
Hermano Maclovio Martinez stands in front of the morada
altar where the candles on the candelabrum have been
lit prior the the Good Friday Procession
Ruben (center) and other bearers dressed in black
robes carrying the life-size statue of Jesus during
which is attended by numerous participants
Journals, and a divisa (ribbon) dated late 1800s,
and hand-written prayer books which belonged
to Ruben's grand father and great-grandfather
from the Los Pinos and San Antonio moradas
Journal page from the Morada del
with the New Mexico
Territory Penitente seal
This eleven foot madero (cross) and the nine foot calvario (arma
christi) we
re used by the Hermanos during their rituals
The matracas (wooden noise makers) are used during some of
the Penitente rituals such as the
tinieblas during Holy Week.  
Some of these matracas date back to the early 1900s
A traditional, non-meat, Lenten
meal of beans, dried peas, spinach,
eggs with red chili and tortillas
Disciplinas, otherwise known as whips
were used by the
Hermanos during
their rituals several years ago.  The
whips are made from yucca cactus,
rope, twine and any other local
material available